1861 – Elisha Otis, American businessman, founded the Otis Elevator Company (b. 1811) dies.
1892 – Richard Neutra, Austrian-American architect, designed the Los Angeles County Hall of Records (d. 1970) is born.
1892 – Mary Pickford, Canadian-American actress, producer, and screenwriter, co-founded United Artists (d. 1979) is born.
1906 – Auguste Deter, German woman, first person diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease (b. 1850) dies.
1908 – Harvard University votes to establish the Harvard Business School.
1916 – In Corona, California, race car driver Bob Burman crashes, killing three (including himself), and badly injuring five spectators.
1935 – The Works Progress Administration is formed when the Emergency Relief Appropriation Act of 1935 becomes law.
1943 – U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, in an attempt to check inflation, freezes wages and prices, prohibits workers from changing jobs unless the war effort would be aided thereby, and bars rate increases by common carriers and public utilities.
1952 – U.S. President Harry Truman calls for the seizure of all domestic steel mills to prevent a nationwide strike.
1959 – The Organization of American States drafts an agreement to create the Inter-American Development Bank.
1963 – Julian Lennon, English singer-songwriter is born.
1964 – The Gemini 1 test flight is conducted.
1974 – At Atlanta–Fulton County Stadium, Hank Aaron hits his 715th career home run to surpass Babe Ruth's 39-year-old record.
1975 – Frank Robinson manages the Cleveland Indians in his first game as major league baseball's first African American manager.
1987 – Los Angeles Dodgers executive Al Campanis resigns amid controversy over racially charged remarks he had made while on Nightline.
1990 – Ryan White, American activist, inspired the Ryan White Care Act (b. 1971) dies.
1992 – Retired tennis great Arthur Ashe announces that he has AIDS, acquired from blood transfusions during one of his two heart surgeries.