1816 – The Federal government of the United States approves the creation of the Second Bank of the United States.
1829 – William Booth, English minister, founded The Salvation Army (d. 1912) is born.
1847 – Joseph Pulitzer, Hungarian-American journalist, publisher, and politician, founded Pulitzer, Inc. (d. 1911) is born.
1856 – The Theta Chi fraternity is founded at Norwich University in Vermont.
1858 – After the original Big Ben, a 14.5 tonnes (32,000 lb) bell for the Palace of Westminster, had cracked during testing, it is recast into the current 13.76 tonnes (30,300 lb) bell by Whitechapel Bell Foundry.
1865 – American Civil War: A day after his surrender to Union forces, Confederate General Robert E. Lee addresses his troops for the last time.
1866 – The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) is founded in New York City by Henry Bergh.
1872 – The first Arbor Day is celebrated in Nebraska.
1912 – RMS Titanic sets sail from Southampton, England on her maiden and only voyage.
1925 – The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald is first published in New York City, by Charles Scribner's Sons.
1930 – Dolores Huerta, American activist, co-founded the United Farm Workers is born.
1936 – John Madden, American football player, coach, and sportscaster is born.
1952 – Steven Seagal, American actor, producer, and martial artist is born.
1957 – The Suez Canal is reopened for all shipping after being closed for three months.
1963 – One hundred twenty-nine American sailors die when the submarine USS Thresher sinks at sea.
1970 – Paul McCartney announces that he is leaving The Beatles for personal and professional reasons.
1971 – Ping-pong diplomacy: In an attempt to thaw relations with the United States, the People's Republic of China hosts the U.S. table tennis team for a week-long visit.
1972 – Priit Kasesalu, Estonian computer programmer, co-created Skype is born.
1979 – Red River Valley tornado outbreak: A tornado lands in Wichita Falls, Texas killing 42 people.
1980 – Kasey Kahne, American race car driver is born.
1984 – Mandy Moore, American singer-songwriter and actress is born.