1836 – Texas Revolution: A day after the Battle of San Jacinto, forces under Texas General Sam Houston identify Mexican General Antonio López de Santa Anna among the captives of the battle when one of his fellow captives mistakenly gives away his identity.
1864 – The U.S. Congress passes the Coinage Act of 1864 that mandates that the inscription In God We Trust be placed on all coins minted as United States currency.
1876 – The first game in the history of the National League was played at the Jefferson Street Grounds in Philadelphia. This game is often pointed to as the beginning of the MLB.
1889 – At noon, thousands rush to claim land in the Land Rush of 1889. Within hours the cities of Oklahoma City and Guthrie are formed with populations of at least 10,000.
1906 – The 1906 Summer Olympics, not now recognized as part of the official Olympic Games, open in Athens.
1923 – Aaron Spelling, American actor, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2006) is born.
1933 – Henry Royce, English engineer and businessman, co-founded Rolls-Royce Limited (b. 1863) dies.
1936 – Glen Campbell, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor is born.
1950 – Peter Frampton, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer is born.
1954 – Red Scare: Witnesses begin testifying and live television coverage of the Army–McCarthy hearings begins.
1959 – Terry Francona, American baseball player, coach, and manager is born.
1964 – The 1964-1965 New York World's Fair opens for its first season.
1969 – British yachtsman Sir Robin Knox-Johnston wins the Sunday Times Golden Globe Race and completes the first solo non-stop circumnavigation of the world.
1970 – The first Earth Day is celebrated.
1977 – Optical fiber is first used to carry live telephone traffic.
1986 – Marshawn Lynch, American football player is born.
1994 – Richard Nixon, American lieutenant, lawyer, and politician, 37th President of the United States (b. 1913) dies.
2000 – In a pre-dawn raid, federal agents seize six-year-old Elián González from his relatives' home in Miami.
2002 – Linda Lovelace, American porn actress and activist (b. 1949) dies.
2004 – Pat Tillman, American football player and soldier (b. 1976) dies.
2008 – The United States Air Force retires the remaining F-117 Nighthawk aircraft in service.