1808 – Ludwig van Beethoven conducts and performs in concert at the Theater an der Wien, Vienna, with the premiere of his Fifth Symphony, Sixth Symphony, Fourth Piano Concerto (performed by Beethoven himself) and Choral Fantasy (with Beethoven at the piano).
1864 – Savannah, Georgia falls to the forces of General Sherman.
1899 – Dwight L. Moody, American evangelist and publisher, founded Moody Publishers (b. 1837) dies.
1912 – Lady Bird Johnson, American beautification activist; 38th First Lady of the United States (d. 2007) is born.
1943 – Beatrix Potter, English children's book writer and illustrator (b. 1866) dies.
1945 – Diane Sawyer, American journalist is born.
1964 – The first test flight of the SR-71 (Blackbird) took place at Air Force Plant 42 in Palmdale, California.
1970 – Ted Cruz, American lawyer and politician is born.
1989 – Berlin's Brandenburg Gate re-opens after nearly 30 years, effectively ending the division of East and West Germany.
1990 – Lech Wałęsa is elected President of Poland.
1993 – Meghan Trainor, American singer-songwriter and producer is born.
2001 – Richard Reid attempts to destroy a passenger airliner by igniting explosives hidden in his shoes aboard American Airlines Flight 63.
2008 – An ash dike ruptured at a solid waste containment area in Roane County, Tennessee, releasing 1.1 billion US gallons (4,200,000 m3) of coal fly ash slurry.
2010 – The repeal of the Don't ask, don't tell policy, the 17-year-old policy banning homosexuals serving openly in the United States military, is signed into law by President Barack Obama.
2014 – Joe Cocker, English singer-songwriter (b. 1944) dies.